Tuesday, 8 March 2022

Hen Harriers (not) in Bowland

Six more satellite-tagged hen harriers ‘disappear’ in suspicious circumstances

Six more satellite-tagged hen harriers have gone missing in suspicious circumstances, according to the most recent data published by Natural England last Friday, 4th March.

Natural England’s previous hen harrier update, published in December 2021 (here), identified three other tagged harriers that had vanished in the summer/autumn of 2021.

Now there are six more. Three disappeared in November 2021, one in December 2021 and two in January 2022. Neither the police or Natural England have issued any media press releases or made any public appeals for information about any of them.

[Photo by Dave Soons]

Here are the details of the latest six to vanish, in chronological order:

Brood meddled hen harrier R2-F1-20, female, hatched in 2020 at nest site BM R2 Cumbria, last known satellite tag fix on the edge of a grouse moor (believed to be on Arkengarthdale Estate) in the Yorkshire Dales National Park on 15th November 2021, grid ref: NY959039.

Hen harrier Val (Tag ID 213849), female, hatched in North Pennines in 2021, last known satellite tag fix in Cumbria, west of Coniston Water on 19th November 2021, grid ref: SD256921.

Hen harrier Percy (Tag ID 213847), male, hatched in Northumberland (nest site Northumberland 1) in 2021, last known satellite tag fix in the Scottish Borders nr Fala Moor on 19th November 2021, grid ref: NT410615.

Hen harrier Jasmine (Tag ID 213848), female, hatched in Cumbria in 2021, last known satellite tag fix on a grouse moor (High Rigg Moor, Middlesmoor Estate) in the Nidderdale AONB, North Yorkshire on 12th December 2021, grid ref: SE034733.

Hen harrier Ethel (Tag ID 213852), female, hatched in Northumberland (nest site Northumberland 2) in 2021, last known satellite tag fix in Hexham on 9th January 2022, grid ref: NY936632.

Hen harrier Amelia (Tag ID 213846), female, hatched Bowland in 2021, last known satellite tag fix in Bowland on 26th January 2022, no grid reference provided.

These suspicious disappearances are no longer shocking, not even when six of them are reported at the same time.

The complete lack of media appeals about any of them from Natural England and the various police forces is no longer shocking.

The lack of prominence in the recent update blog that Natural England has given these latest disappearances is no longer shocking.

The zero prospect of any so-called investigation progressing to a prosecution is no longer shocking.

The complete silence from the grouse-shooting industry about this continued organised crime is no longer shocking.

It’s all just so routine, isn’t it?

It doesn’t have to be. It’s up to you, as blog readers, to bring this scandal to the attention of your elected representative(s) and demand that they put pressure on the Government to take action.

I’ll update the ever-increasing list of hen harriers known to have been illegally killed in the UK or that have vanished in suspicious disappearances since 2018, most of them on or close to grouse moors, and will post it here shortly. It would be good if you could then send that list to your local MP so they can’t claim to be ignorant of what’s going on.

Monday, 10 May 2021

The Wonderful Gift of Dandelions

Thursday, 29 April 2021

Fell Pony Adventures, Cumbria

Sunday, 27 September 2020

Channel 4 bats away shooting industry hysteria © Raptor Persecution UK

On Monday evening Channel 4 News included an explosive piece about grouse shooting in the North York Moors National Park and its association with the illegal killing of birds of prey.

Fronted by veteran war correspondent Alex Thomson, it was a follow-up to an item that was broadcast back in May where Alex had again focused on the illegal killing of birds of prey on grouse moors in the North York Moors National Park as well as in the Nidderdale AONB (see here).

Monday’s piece was car-crash viewing if you were a member or supporter of the grouse shooting industry, in what was an extraordinary display of arrogance, denial and entitlement from a number of individuals involved with a grouse shoot. All those previous media campaigns, carefully-crafted to showcase this industry to the general public in the best possible light, shot down in tatters during a prime time viewing slot before our very eyes. If you missed it, this six minute film is well worth your time.

Predictably, since the programme aired some members of the shooting industry (which, remember, professes a ‘zero tolerance‘ for raptor persecution) have been in an absolute rage on social media, angrily shouting about how unfair it all was, how dare a high profile journalist question anybody involved in this noble ‘sport’ for their views on illegal raptor persecution, spitting blood that there wasn’t an alternative opinion given (conveniently forgetting that the Moorland Association was given the opportunity to comment, but didn’t).

They were also probably furious that several members of the local community were filmed, dispelling quite a few myths and debunking the propaganda often painted of a moorland community in harmony – a rural idyll where local residents are deliriously enthralled by the activities of the local grouse moor managers and thankful for the boost that grouse shooting brings to the local economy, without which the local community would apparently collapse. Nah, these Goathland residents weren’t having any of it. Kudos to them for standing their ground.

Don’t be surprised to see the launch of a campaign /petition calling for Alex Thomson’s dismissal from Channel 4  –  this thuggish industry has a well-deserved reputation for trying to shoot the messenger, usually by generating a nasty little smear campaign to undermine the integrity of those who dare to speak out against the industry’s criminality and environmental destruction.

Meanwhile, several individuals have already been making complaints about the programme directly to Channel 4. Channel 4 is having none of it. Here’s the standard response that has been sent back:

Brilliant! If you’d like to send Channel 4 a message of support for (a) broadcasting the footage during its main evening news schedule and (b) having the balls to stand up to the resulting howling hysteria of the grouse shooting industry, you can use this form (here) to show your support and appreciation.

Saturday, 11 July 2020

For Peat's Sake

Friday, 26 June 2020

Hen harriers - an inconvenient truth

Natural England recently gave the green light for the controversial hen harrier brood management scheme to go ahead for a second year. However, has the government been sufficiently open about events last year near the very first brood management site in a notorious part of North Yorkshire?

A male hen harrier - stunningly beautiful but still not welcome in large parts of our uplands.  Pete Morris (RSPB)
We can reveal that two hen harrier nesting attempts failed in suspicious circumstances near the brood management site in 2019. To date, this fact has not been publicly mentioned by Defra or Natural England (NE), not even in their own brood management report. Why is this?
Let’s rewind a bit.
In January 2016 Defra launched its Hen Harrier Action Plan, which included the controversial brood management scheme, to be carried out by Natural England (NE). This involves removing hen harrier eggs or chicks from driven grouse moors when pairs nest within 10km of each other on a grouse moor. The birds are then reared in captivity before being released into upland habitat. The RSPB does not support brood management: we believe that illegal persecution must be tackled first and foremost. The RSPB and Dr Mark Avery are both currently in appeal proceedings against brood management.
The brood management trial, due to run for five years, started in 2019 on the Swinton Estate in North Yorkshire. Five chicks were removed from a nest, fitted with satellite tags, and released elsewhere later that season. Along with another pair on the estate, this was the first successful breeding of hen harriers in North Yorkshire since 2007. This area of North Yorkshire, dominated by driven grouse estates, has an appalling history of raptor persecution and repeated hen harrier breeding failures due to suspected human interference.
However, in August 2019, Defra and NE announced triumphantly  ‘A Record Breaking Year for Hen Harrier breeding’ with 15 nests producing 47 chicks. In fact, only 12 nests were successful. In relation to the three unsuccessful nests it stated: ‘The three nests which failed were all in Northumberland – two were lost to bad weather and the third was predated’.
Twelve successful nests is a far cry from the 300 breeding pairs England could support. 
More nest failures
However, the government media release announcing the 2019 breeding results filed to mention another two failed nesting attempts on grouse estates in North Yorkshire, within just five kilometres of the brood managed pair. We don't know who may have been responsible for these failures. NE knew all about these, and had spoken with North Yorkshire Police, so why miss out this part of the story?
One of these failed nests was on the edge of an estate. As well as on-the-ground monitoring information, we also received disturbing information from a very reliable source which may – we don’t know for sure – explain why this nest failed. Our source told us that a gamekeeper from another nearby estate had shot the male bird and the nest site had later failed. Whilst this is only an allegation, it did fit with the events on the ground, which were unknown to the person who contacted us. This information was passed to the police and the National Wildlife Crime Unit.

The body of hen harrier 'River' being recovered by North Yorkshire Police in April 2019.  She had been shot. H Jones (RSPB)
Seeking information
The RSPB made requests under Freedom of Information (FOI) and Environmental Information Regulations (EIR) to Defra, Natural England, North Yorkshire Police and the National Wildlife Crime Unit. We asked for details of any communication exchanges since the start of November 2018 –
  • in relation to hen harrier brood management in North Yorkshire plus any suspected, potential or confirmed persecution incidents involving hen harriers.
  • with sporting estates in North Yorkshire in relation to hen harrier brood management or any suspected, potential or confirmed persecution incidents involving hen harriers.
The date (November 2018) coincided with the RSPB filming of a masked man with a firearm in a hen harrier roost on the Swinton Estate in North Yorkshire, and the last satellite transmission from hen harrier ‘River’ from the same estate. River’s body was later discovered on another part of the estate the following spring. She had been shot.
Amongst the material supplied by NE was confirmation they had received from the police the information, originally from the RSPB, about the allegation that a gamekeeper had shot the male of one of the failed nesting pairs.
However, we were surprised to see that there was no Defra or NE correspondence, either internal or with other government agencies or sporting estates, concerning the two nesting attempts which had failed in highly suspicious circumstances.
As part of the brood management scheme there is a requirement ‘To produce an annual report to be assessed by Natural England ornithologists, to assess the progress of the trial’. We decided to wait to see what was in this report. We understand this was completed earlier this year so why it has not been published online is unknown. However, we were recently sent a copy of this report obtained via an EIR request by a Raptor Worker. The report introduction states: ‘In 2019 an estate in North Yorkshire had two Hen Harrier nests on it within 10km of each other. Under the trial parameters this qualified them to undertake brood management. This report deals with the experience gained and lessons learnt form undertaking the brood management intervention on one of these two nests’.
The report mainly focusses on the technical aspects of brood management. You would have hoped the suspicious failure of two nesting attempts so close to the brood management location fell under ‘experience gained & lessons learned’. Even if NE claim this is outside the remit of the report, then we are still left asking the question: were NE ever going to publicly mention these failed nesting attempts? I suspect not.

A female hen harrier - just a handful of breeding pairs in England, though there is enough habitat for over 300. Pete Morris (RSPB)
A lack of openness
This inconvenient truth is not in their joint August 2019 media release. It doesn’t feature in any of their correspondence supplied to us, or the 2019 brood management report. It was not even raised at the last two Raptor Persecution Priority Delivery Group meetings post August 2019.
It would seem important for Defra and NE to ensure absolute transparency about events that are taking place given the exposure the brood management scheme has received. This does not appear to have happened.
On 22 May this year NE announced that brood management licences were being renewed for 2020. Days later it emerged that all five brood-managed chicks from 2019 are now ‘missing’. The fact that there has been no update from Defra or NE this year about these birds, and what information is available had to be requested, displays a lack of openness. Whether persecution is behind the disappearance of some, or even all, of these birds, is unknown, though the decision to use a different, and possibly less reliable, type of satellite tag has further clouded the picture.
Hopefully, going forward we will all be given real transparency about the BM process and on the threats still being faced by our hen harriers.

No prosecution for shooting of a hen harrier in Bowland

On 18 October 2019 a member of the public witnessed what he believed to be the shooting of an adult male hen harrier near White Syke Hill in the Forest of Bowland Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB).
North Yorkshire Police (whose force area covers that tiny part of Bowland) put out an appeal for information five months later (see here).
A few days later, North Yorkshire Police announced that an arrest had been made in this investigation and the suspect had been released pending the results of a forensic analysis (see here).
[A male hen harrier, photo by Eddie Maguire]

Unfortunately the police have now concluded there is insufficient evidence to proceed with a prosecution.
Inspector Matt Hagen of North Yorkshire Police’s Rural Task Force said: “This case is an all too familiar scenario where we have information from a credible source, but unfortunately the evidence is not strong enough to meet the threshold where we would ask the Crown Prosecution Service to make a charging decision, even after the arrest and interview of a suspect.
I would like to take this opportunity to encourage anyone with any information regarding any individuals who are involved in raptor persecution to come forward and report it to the police and assure them they will be taken seriously and the matter will be investigated.”
This is a disappointing result, of course, but as many blog readers will know, securing sufficient evidence in these cases is notoriously difficult. Full credit to North Yorkshire Police for giving it a go. This case didn’t fail for lack of effort and at least that suspect will now be on their radar.
As far as we’re aware, North Yorkshire Police are still investigating the alleged shooting of another hen harrier on another Yorkshire grouse moor (see earlier blog here) so fingers crossed for a prosecution on that one.
Now that the Bowland investigation has ended, part of the eyewitness report of the hen harrier being shot and removed from the moor has been published by the RSPB (see here) and it makes for a disturbing read.